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Water Quality Management


For a village to have a sustainable clean water project it is important to have a protocol that provides the village with the ability to manage its water system with resources that are readily available. With input from the villages UbF has developed the following protocol for its projects with the goal of improving gastrointestinal health:



  1. Upon receiving a request from a community for a water system, UbF volunteers do a needs and feasibility assessment.
  2. The local County Public Health Department conducts a survey of the incidence of gastrointestinal illness as a baseline measurement to later measure the success of the project. The entire village receives classes in hygiene, sanitation and food storage.
  3. The construction of the water system includes a community chlorination system that can be easily managed and inexpensively repaired.
  4. Designated individuals in the village receive special training in plumbing and pipe repair as well as chlorination management.
  5. The trained chlorinators test and record the chlorine levels daily at several points in the distribution system and make adjustments in the level of chlorine being applied to the system.
  6. Each village has a formal water committee that sets the rules for water usage including monthly fees for the repair of pipes and the purchase of the community's chlorine. They also set penalties for waste or misuse of the water and deal with water related disputes. The chlorinators provide reports of chlorine levels to the water committee.
  7. The county public health officer travels to the village each month to obtain water samples from the village water system for bacteriological studies. Should a water sample indicate an unhealthy bacteria count, the community leaders and water committee are notified and an investigation is initiated to resolve the problem.
  8. A follow up survey is conducted to determine the impact the water projects has had on the incidence of gastrointestinal illness.
  9. The UbF volunteers return to the villages to check on compliance and identify needs for updated training or technology.
 

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